Vitamin D helps to form the bones – teeth system and prevents rickets in children. Therefore, vitamin D supplementation for babies is extremely necessary. So do children who drink formula need vitamin D supplements?
If moms are wondering if babies who drink formula milk need vitamin D supplements, this article will help mom clarify the above problem, follow along!
Benefits vitamin D gives babies
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids that enhances intestinal absorption of phosphorus and calcium. In humans, the most important compounds in this group are vitamin D2 and vitamin D3.
To find out if formula drinkers need vitamin D supplements. We first need to find out the role of vitamin D in infant health:
This is an essential nutrient for the development of the child’s skeletal – teeth system. It is also involved in the absorption of phosphorus, calcium in the intestines and kidneys.
Strengthen the immune system, helping the body fight infections or chronic diseases. Participate in the process of synthesis, excretion of the body.
Help the brain work better, support metabolism, ensure weight is always maintained at a reasonable level.
Deficiency of vitamin D will make children rickets , grow slowly, easily deformed bones and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer, lung disease …
Do formula drinkers need vitamin D supplements?
Vitamin D is essential for human health, especially babies and children. But the nutrition knowledge of many parents is still quite vague, which can easily lead to children with excess or deficiency of vitamin D.
So do children who drink formula need vitamin D supplement? The answer will be based on the living regime and the amount of milk that the child absorbs each day, which depends on the situation of drinking formula milk of each child.
As recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics in October 2008, infants who are exclusively breastfed, partially breastfed or formula fed infants need vitamin D supplements of a dose of 400 IU / day, starting for a few days. after birth.
Each 250 ml of formula milk contains about 100 IU of vitamin D. To get 400 IU of vitamin D, infants must drink 1 liter of formula so if babies drink this amount, mothers do not need to supplement vitamin D for babies.
However, the amount of milk the baby drinks every day is often uneven, some days more and some days less than what is needed. So to ensure enough Vitamin D for the development of the child. The mother still needs to supplement the baby with formula milk every day.
Some methods of vitamin D supplementation for infants
According to estimates by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 5 – 13% of breastfed babies, 20 – 37% of formula-fed children are provided with the recommended amount of vitamin D. Therefore, experts recommend that mothers should pay attention to vitamin D supplementation for babies in the first months of life to avoid the risk of children with rickets.
Sunbathing babies are the easiest way to get vitamin D. Mothers should sunbathe at 7-9 am or after 5 pm because this is the time when UV is the weakest. Each time for children to sunbathing for 10-30 minutes, each sunbathing lasts 10 days.
Note that mothers should only let their children out to sunbathe in warm weather and good air, bringing children out when it is cold will make your baby susceptible to colds.
Give vitamin D to children
If you don’t have time to sunbathe, consult your pediatrician to give vitamin D (drops) to your baby. Do not give vitamin D to your child arbitrarily as this may have undesirable consequences for the baby.
Mothers should give vitamin D supplements to children at 9-11 noon. Start supplementing with vitamin D from birth to 18 months.
Supplement through diet
As children get older and start to eat solids, moms can add vitamin D to children through food. Foods rich in vitamin D are salmon, tuna, orange juice, milk and dairy products, eggs, tofu, beans, cereals …
Raising children is a difficult journey and it will be even more difficult if parents lack basic knowledge about nutrition for children. Hopefully the information on whether children who drink formula milk need vitamin D supplements will help parents to care and better care for children .